|Seating||7 ( 2- or 4-door cabriolet and 5-door utility)|
|Curb weight, kg||TOTAL||2,050|
|Gross weight, kg||TOTAL||2,575|
|Payload [carrying capacity] weight, kg||-|
|Permissible [semi-]trailer weight, kg||-|
|Track width, mm||front||1540|
|Minimal ground clearance, mm||under front axle||180|
|under rear axle||210|
|Minimal radius of turn, m||b/n curbs (outer front wheel)||7.3|
|b/n walls (extreme exterior dimension||-|
|Maximum speed, km/h||160|
|Fuel consumption, liters/100km||15 (@ 60 km/h), 21 (@ 100 km/h)|
|Acceleration time from 0-100 km/h, seconds||-|
|Transmission||gearbox||hydraulic transformer (maximum transformation coefficient 2.4), works together w/ planetary 3 step gear box|
|gearbox ratios||I-2.84 / II-1.68 / III-1.00 / R-1.72|
|main gear ratio||3.54|
|transfer case ratio||-|
|Wheels||number||4 + 1|
|tire size||8,20-15 (tubeless)|
|tire pressure, kg/cm2||1.7 front / 1.7 rear|
|Suspension||front||independent, wishbone, on two vertical cylindrical springs; telescopic double-acting shock absorbers|
|rear||on two longitudinal semi-elliptic springs; telescopic double-acting shock absorbers|
|Steering||gear||cone worm and 2-ridge roller w/ hydraulic power steering|
|Brakes||braking distance, m||-|
|service (foot)||drum brakes to all wheels w/ hydraulic drive and vacuum booster|
|parking (hand)||drum brake to transmission w/ mechanical drive|
|Filling capacities, liters||fuel tank||80 (91 octane gasoline)|
|engine cooling system||17.0 (water or antifreeze)|
|engine lubrication system||6.5 (oil AKZp-10 with AZNII-8)|
|hydraulic gearbox housing||9.5 (special oil)|
|axle housing||0.9 (oil for hypoid gears)|
|steering system cylinder||0.15 (transmission oil) (1.6 of special oil for power steering system)|
|shock absorbers||each front 0.2; each rear 0.4 (spindle oil AU)|
|hydraulic brake drive||0.5 (braking fluid)|
|air filter||0.55 (engine oil)|
|Electric equipment||12 volts|
|Engine||engine type||M-13, V-8, carb., 4-stroke., ohv|
|cylinder work order||1-5-4-2-6-3-7-8|
|maximum horsepower, hp||195 @ 4400 rpm|
|maximum torque, N·m||41.0 @ 2300 rpm|
|bore/stroke, mm||100.0 / 88.0|
|Years of production||1959-1981|
|Total units made||3,179|
|Wheel arrangement||4 X 2|
|GAZ-M-13 "Chaika"||regular version||-||(38 KB color, rear view )*, (27 KB color, side view )*, (26 KB color, interior rear seat view )**, (40 KB color, engine view )***, (36 KB color, dashboard view seen through driver's door ), (68 KB color, front view ), (10KB color, rear view ), (58 KB b/w, with technical info ), (29 KB color, interior view ), (19 KB color, side view, 1965 ), (24 KB color, front view ), (9 KB b/w, side view, drawing ), (10 KB b/w, side view, drawing ), (30 KB color, front view, drawing ), (31 KB color, front view of Chaika and GAZ-12 )|
|GAZ-M-13B "Chaika"||cabriolet version||-||(33 KB color, rear view w/ open top ), (4 KB color, rear view ), (52 KB color, front view ), (35 KB color, rear view ), (12 KB color, side view )|
|GAZ-M-13S "Chaika"||station wagon version||-||(30 KB color, side view )****, (56 KB color, front view, 1979 )****, (18 KB b/w, side view ), (14 KB b/w, side view ), (26 KB color, side view, 1979 )|
* This particular Chaika was assigned to Yuriy Andropov when he was the head of the KGB. It is equipped with a special communication system; red blinking light on front bumper; glass partition behind the front row of seats; the interior is finished with Karelian birch.
**This car, one of the few Chaikas originally painted white on the factory, was a gift of Nikita Khrushev to Valentina Tereshkova (pilot-astronaut of the USSR, first female astronaut in the world, hero of the Soviet Union , flew on "Vostok-6" in June 1963, vice-president of International democratic federation of women since 1969, member of Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1974).
***Everything is original except alternator from GAZ-14 and air-conditioner.
****This ambulance served Brezhnev.
These cars were made strictly for party members and KPSS personel. Only about 3,179 GAZ-M-13 were made. Most were painted black. A few 2-door and 4-door cabriolets [GAZ-M-13B] were made. In addition about 20 5-door station wagons [GAZ-M-13S] were also made. Some of the models have a divider behind the front seat [GAZ-13A]. These cars were all equipped with automatic transmission and shifting of gears was performed simply by pressing buttons.
According to Tim there was also GAZ-23 made. It was GAZ-M-13 engine, but the body and mechanical parts were taken from GAZ-M-21 "Volga". This car was made for the KGB but was discontinued because of poor handling characteristics. Apparently the 8 cylinder M-13 engine was too heavy for the front suspension of the rear wheel drive GAZ-M-21 "Volga".
|Below are color photographs contributed by Tim |
|52 KB (side view)||46 KB (side view)||54 KB (side view)||55 KB (side view)||53 KB (side view)|
|50 KB (front view)||52 KB (rear view)||50 KB (rear view)||45 KB (interior driver's seat view)||42 KB (interior steering wheel view)|
|49 KB (interior passenger's seat view)||38 KB (interior rear seat view)|
Page created on Wednesday, September 30, 1998. Page last updated on Saturday, December 08, 2001 10:40:12 PM EST.