ZMA-400, ZMA-401, ZMA-422

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Model  ZMA-400-420 (ZMA-401-420)*
Seating 4
Curb weight, kg [lb] TOTAL 845 [1,859] (855 [1,881])
front axle - (430 [946])
rear axle - (425 [935])
Gross weight, kg [lb] TOTAL 1,155 [2,541]
front axle 540 [1,188]
rear axle 615 [1,353]
Payload [carrying capacity] weight, kg [lb] -
Permissible [semi-]trailer weight, kg [lb] -
Length, mm [in.] 3855 [12' 7 3/4"]
Width, mm [in.] 1400 [4' 7"]
Height, mm [in.] 1545 [5' 0 13/16"]
Wheelbase, mm [in.] 2340 [7' 8 1/8"]
Track width, mm [in.] front -
rear -
Minimal ground clearance, mm [in.] under front axle - (200 [7 7/8"])
under rear axle 190 [7 1/2"] (200 [7 7/8"])
Minimal radius of turn, m [yards] b/n curbs (outer front wheel) 6.0 [6.6]
b/n walls (extreme exterior dimension) 6.8 [7.5]
Maximum speed, km/h [mi/h] 90 [56]
Fuel consumption, liters/100km [mi/gal] 9 [26]
Acceleration time from 0-80 km/h [50 mi/h], seconds 55
Transmission gearbox 3 speed, floor-mounted gear shifter until May of 1951; after 1951 steering column gear shifter.
gearbox ratios I-3.53/ II-1.74/ III-1.00/ R-4.61
main gear ratio 5.14 (singular, spiral bevel, w/ 36 and 7 teeth)
clutch single-disk, dry w/ vibration [torsional oscillations] damper
Wheels number 4 +1
tire size 5,00-16
tire pressure, kg/cm2 1.75 front/ 2.00 rear
Suspension front independent, spring, w/ trailing arm, hydraulic single-acting shock absorbers.
rear half-elliptic spring, hydraulic single-acting shock absorbers.
Steering gear globoid [cone] worm and 3-toothed worm sector
gear ratio 15.0
Brakes braking distance, m [yards] -
service (foot) shoe type, hydraulic to all wheels 
parking (hand) shoe type, mechanical to rear wheels
Filling capacities, liters [gal] fuel tank 31 [8.2] (A-66)
engine cooling system 6.0 (water or antifreeze)
engine lubrication system (w/ filter) 3.3 (oil AS-9.5 in summer, AS-5 in winter)
gearbox housing  0.45 (gearbox and steering system oil)
axle housing 0.9 (hypoid gear oil)
steering system cylinder 0.13 (gearbox and steering system oil)
shock absorbers each front 0.83, each rear 0.10 (50% transformer oil and 50% turbine oil mixture)
hydraulic brakes 0.5 (brake fluid)
Carburetor K-24 before 1950; K-25A after 1950
Electric equipment 6 volts
Accumulator battery 3ST60
Generator [alternator] G29; 20 amps; 130 watt
Relay-regulator RR29
Starter motor ST28-B; 0.6 hp
Timer-distributor R-34
Spark plugs A11U
Engine engine type MZMA-400 (MZMA-401), 4 inline cyl., 4-tact, carb., sv
cylinder work order 1-3-4-2
maximum horsepower, hp [kW] 23 [17] @ 3,600 rpm (26 [19] @ 4,000 rpm)
maximum torque, Nm [lbft] 5.8 [38] @ 2,200 rpm
displacement, liters [cc] 1.07 [1,074]
compression ratio 5.8:1 (6.2:1)
bore/stroke, mm [in.] 67.5 [2.66]/ 75.0 [2.95]
Years of production 1947-1954 (1954-1956)
Wheel arrangement 4 X 2
Pictures  56 KB (color, side view [ZMA-400-420] [28])

18 KB (color, front view [ZMA-400-420] [10])

22 KB (b/w, side view [ZMA-400-420] [86])

20 KB (b/w, side view [ZMA-400-420] [3])

34 KB (color, front view [ZMA-400-420] [25])

58 KB (b/w, front view [ZMA-400-420] [3])

34 KB (color, rear view [ZMA-400-420] [5])

175 KB (b/w, w/ techincal info, side view [ZMA-400-420] [1])

11 KB (b/w, side view, drawing [ZMA-400-420] [103])

15 KB (b/w, front view [ZMA-400-420] [16])

81 KB (color, side view, drawing [ZMA-401-420] [106])

45 KB (color, front view [ZMA-401-420] [85])

39 KB (b/w, side view [ZMA-400-420 ambulance] [5])

29 KB (color, side view [ZMA-400-420A] [10])

70 KB (color, drawing, side view [ZMA-400-420A] [6])

47 KB (b/w, side view [1949 ZMA-400-420A] [86])

59 KB (b/w, advertisement, side view [1950 ZMA-400-420A] [5])

21 KB (color, drawing, side view [ZMA-400-422] [3])

4 KB (b/w, side view [ZMA-400-422 or ZMA-401-422] [3])

28 KB (color, side view [ZMA-40?-422] [28])

9 KB (color, rear view [ZMA-40?-422] [28])

6 KB (b/w, model cars, front view [ZMA-400-420B] [28])

 

* parameters in (parenthesis) for ZMA-401-420 only if different from ZMA-400-420.

After the Great Patriotic War (WWII) in 1947, KIM was renamed into ZMA. ZMA started out with production of Moskvich-400-420 [etymology: Moskvich in Russian language means "a man from Moscow"] [like much of post-WWII production in the USSR, the design of this car was a copy of German technology, in this case, Opel-Kadett-K38 (16 KB color, side view [9]) was copied]. Later, wooden van 400-422 (1949-1954) and 401-422 (1954-1956), cabriolet 420A (1949-1952), and pickup 420B (1954-1956) appeared. There was also medical version of the car, with light on the roof, medical aid kit, and washable interior. Indices 400 and 401 are really only engine models. (often the 420 [sedan] bodies are referred to as 400 and 401, while other models are more commonly properly referred to by their model number). (Thus, 400-422 had 400 engine and 401-422 had 401 engine; 422 had the same dimensions as their 420 counterparts. The reason why 422s are almost extinct is because they were prohibited for private ownership in the USSR. These vans had 3 windows [windshield, driver's and passenger's]). The first Moskvich-400-420 was assembled on 4 December 1946. Station wagon Moskvich-400-421 never went beyond the prototype model. From 1954, Moskvich-420 was made with a modernized engine (whose parameters are given in above table in parenthesis). M-401 differed in appearance from M-400 in that it had sidelights mounted on front fenders. However, militia soon required all cars to have those lights and so owners of M-400 had to install them manually, and thus all M-400 and M-401 have those lights, but M-400 has different lights in different locations, while M-401 has standard ones.Overall, 1946-1956, 247,439 Moskvich-400 and Moskvich-401 were made.

 

Page created onTuesday, July 20, 1999. Page last updated on Monday, December 03, 2001 12:28:43 PM EST.